Trying to determine what college expenses qualify for 529 Plan and Coverdell Education Savings Account (ESA) withdrawals? Here is a listing for quick, easy reference. Make sure and keep any receipts for these qualified expenses to prove the use of the distribution, in case of a tax audit.
Qualified higher education expenses: generally, tuition, fees, books, supplies, and equipment required for attendance qualify. Computers, software, peripheral equipment, and Internet access also qualify if they are to be used primarily by the beneficiary while the beneficiary is enrolled at an eligible education institution. Reasonable cost of room and board are also included if the student is attending school at least half time.
Qualified higher education expenses include tuition, fees, books, and supplies and equipment needed for attendance. Room and board is included for students attending half time or greater.
Common expenses during college years that will not qualify include:
Furnishings, appliances etc. for the dorm. Insurance, sports or club activity fees, and many other types of fees that may be charged to your student but are not required as a condition of enrollment do not qualify. Transportation costs do not fall under qualified expenses. Room and board costs in excess of the amount the school includes in its “cost of attendance” figures for federal financial aid purposes. If your student is living off campus, ask the financial aid department for the room and board allowance for students living off campus.
*Before buying a 529 plan, you should inquire about the particular plan and its fees and expenses. You should also consider that certain states offer tax benefits and fee savings to in-state residents. Whether a state tax deduction and/or application fee savings are available depends on your state of residence. For tax advice, consult your tax professional. Non-qualifying distribution earnings are taxable and subject to a 10% tax penalty.